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Jurisdiction of the Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts in Cities, Municipal Circuit Trial Courts in Criminal Cases

July 29, 2010

1.      MTC, MeTC (Secs. 32-33, BP 129 as amended by RA 7691, and Sec. 5, RA 7691)

Sec. 32. Jurisdiction of Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts in Criminal Cases. – Except in cases falling within the exclusive original jurisdiction of Regional Trial Courts and of the Sandiganbayan, the Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts, and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts shall exercise:

(1)  Exclusive original jurisdiction over all violations of city or municipal ordinances committed within their respective territorial jurisdiction; and

(2) Exclusive original jurisdiction over all offenses punishable with imprisonment not exceeding six (6) years irrespective of the amount of fine, and regardless of other imposable accessory or other penalties, including the civil liability arising from such offenses or predicated thereon, irrespective of kind, nature, value or amount thereof: Provided, however, That in offenses involving damage to property through criminal negligence, they shall have exclusive original jurisdiction thereof.

Sec. 33. Jurisdiction of Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts in Civil Cases. – Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts, and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts shall exercise:

(1)  Exclusive original jurisdiction over civil actions and probate proceedings, testate and intestate, including the grant of provisional remedies in proper cases, where the value of the personal property, estate, or amount of the demand does not exceed One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) or, in Metro Manila where such personal property, estate, or amount of the demand does not exceed Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000.00), exclusive of interest, damages of whatever kind, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses, and costs, the amount of which must be specifically alleged: Provided, That interest, damages of whatever kind, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses, and costs shall be included in the determination of the filing fees: Provided, further, That where there are several claims or causes of actions between the same or different parties, embodied in the same complaint, the amount of the demand shall be the totality of the claims in all the causes of action, irrespective of whether the causes of action arose out of the same or different transactions;

(2) Exclusive original jurisdiction over cases of forcible entry and unlawful detainer: Provided, That when, in such cases, the defendant raises the questions of ownership in his pleadings and the question of possession cannot be resolved without deciding the issue of ownership, the issue of ownership shall be resolved only to determine the issue of possession; and

(3) Exclusive original jurisdiction in all civil actions which involve title to, or possession of, real property, or any interest therein where the assessed value of the property or interest therein does not exceed Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00) or, in civil actions in Metro Manila, where such assessed value does not exceed Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00) exclusive of interest, damages of whatever kind, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses and costs: Provided, That in cases of land not declared for taxation purposes, the value of such property shall be determined by the assessed value of the adjacent lots.

RA 7691, Sec. 5. After five (5) years (1999) from the effectivity of this Act (1994), the jurisdictional amounts mentioned in xxx Sec. 33 (1) of Batas Pambansa Blg. 129 as amended by this Act, shall be adjusted to Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000.00).  Five (5) years thereafter (2004), such jurisdictional amounts shall be adjusted further to Three hundred thousand pesos (P300,000.00): Provided, however, That in the case of Metro Manila, the abovementioned jurisdictional amounts shall be adjusted after five (5) years (1999) from the effectivity of this Act (1994) to Four hundred thousand pesos (P400,000,00).

Jurisdiction of the MTC

  1. Criminal Cases – (except in cases falling within the exclusive original jurisdiction of Regional Trial Courts and of the Sandiganbayan) exclusive original jurisdiction over
  2. all violations of city or municipal ordinances committed within their respective territorial jurisdiction; and
  3. all offenses punishable with imprisonment not exceeding 6 years

1)      irrespective of the amount of fine, and

2)      regardless of other imposable accessory or other penalties

3)      including the civil liability arising from such offenses or predicated thereon, irrespective of kind, nature, value or amount thereof

  1. Civil Cases – Exclusive original jurisdiction over
  2. Civil actions and probate proceedings where the value of the personal property, estate, or amount of the demand

1)      does not exceed

a)      P200,000 outside Metro Manila (P300,000 by 2004)

b)      P400,000 in Metro Manila

2)      exclusive of interest, damages of whatever kind, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses, and costs, the amount of which must be specifically alleged (but interest, damages, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses, and costs shall be included in the determination of the filing fees)

3)      where there are several claims or causes of actions between the same or different parties, embodied in the same complaint, the amount of the demand shall be the totality of the claims in all the causes of action, irrespective of whether the causes of action arose out of the same or different transactions

  1. cases of forcible entry and unlawful detainer (when, in such cases, the defendant raises the questions of ownership in his pleadings and the question of possession cannot be resolved without deciding the issue of ownership, the issue of ownership shall be resolved only to determine the issue of possession)
  2. actions which involve title to, or possession of, real property, or any interest therein where the assessed value of the property or interest therein

1)      does not exceed

a)      P20,000 outside Metro Manila

b)      P50,000 in Metro Manila

2)      exclusive of interest, damages of whatever kind, attorney’s fees, litigation expenses and costs:

3)      in cases of land not declared for taxation purposes, the value of such property shall be determined by the assessed value of the adjacent lots.

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