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Docket Fees on Civil Actions

July 29, 2010

Cabrera v. Tiano, 8 SCRA 542 (1963) Civil actions are deemed commenced from date of the filing and docketing of the complaint with the Clerk of Court, without taking into account the issuance and service of summons. Commencement of the suit prior to the expiration of the prescriptive period, interrupts the prescription period.

Sun Insurance v. Asuncion, 170 SCRA 274 (1989) 1) It is not simply the filing of the complaint or appropriate initiatory pleading, but the payment of the prescribed docket fee, that vests a trial court with jurisdiction over the subject matter or nature of the action. Where the filing of the initiatory pleading is not accompanied by payment of the docket fee, the court may allow payment of the fee within a reasonable time but in no case beyond the applicable prescriptive or reglementary period. 2) Permissive counterclaims, third party claims and similar pleadings, shall not be considered filed until and unless the filing fee prescribed therefore is paid. The court may also allow payment of said fee within a reasonable time but also in no case beyond its applicable prescriptive or reglementary period. 3) If the judgment awards a claim not specified in the pleading, or if specified the same has been left for determination by the court, the additional filing fee therefor shall constitute a lien on the judgment.

There are some compulsory counterclaim that needs payment of docket fees, and some which does not.

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